香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
燦榮 | 27th Sep 2009 | 通識--個人成長 | (34 Reads)

This February psychologists at the University of Cardiff in Wales found that people whose ability to frown is compromised by cosmetic botox injections are happier, on average, than people who can frown. The researchers administered an anxiety and depression questionnaire to 25 females, half of whom had received frown-inhibiting botox injections. The botox recipients reported feeling happier and less anxious in general; more important, they did not report feeling any more attractive, which suggests that the emotional effects were not driven by a psychological boost that could come from the treatment's cosmetic nature.

The concept works the opposite way, too — enhancing emotions rather than suppressing them. People who frown during an unpleasant procedure report feeling more pain than those who do not, according to a study published in May 2008 in the Journal of Pain. Researchers applied heat to the forearms of 29 participants, who were asked to either make unhappy, neutral or relaxed faces during the procedure. Those who exhibited negative expressions reported being in more pain than the other two groups. Lewis, who was not involved in that study, says he plans to study the effect that botox injections have on pain perception. "It's possible that people may feel less pain if they're unable to express it," he says.


燦榮 | 27th Sep 2009 | 通識--個人成長 | (8 Reads)
This kind of science gives me many hopes for the future. At the broadest level, I hope that our culture shifts from a consumption-based, materialist culture to one that privileges the social joys (play, caring, touch, mirth) that are our older (in the evolutionary sense) sources of the good life. In more specific terms, I see this new science informing practices in almost every realm of life. Here again are some well-founded examples: Medical doctors are now receiving training in the tools of compassion — empathetic listening, warm touch — that almost certainly improve basic health outcomes. Teachers now regularly teach the tools of empathy and respect. In prisons and juvenile detention centers, meditation is being taught. And executives are learning the wisdom of emotional intelligence — respect, building trust — and that there is more to a company's thriving than profit or the bottom line.

燦榮 | 27th Sep 2009 | 通識--中國 | (9 Reads)

【明報專訊】?#92;海峰——中國奧運    第一金

1984年中國首次派隊參加洛杉磯    奧運,?#92;海峰摘下男子50米氣手槍金牌,實現中國金牌零的突破。現任中國自行車及擊劍中心副主任。

李寧——中國首代體壇巨星

82世界賽摘6金獲封「體操王子」,84奧運奪3金2銀1銅。李寧牌現成全球第4大體育用品商,京奧飛天燃點聖火體現輝煌成就。

郎平——女排首奪世界冠軍

「鐵榔頭」郎平當年號稱世界三大大槌手,1981年助中國揚威世界盃    ,首次在世界大賽封后。隨後再奪得世界賽冠軍與奧運金牌。

鄧亞萍——8年首席乒乓女王

鄧亞萍16歲成為了世界冠軍,在1990至97年間獨霸女子世界排名第1。球員生涯中6次成為世界賽冠軍,以及摘下4面奧運金牌。

王軍霞——10000米紀錄保持者

王軍霞系出馬家軍,93年世界賽奪得10000米金牌,96年奧運於5000米封后。「東方神鹿」目前仍是女子3000及10000米跑的世績保持者。

劉翔    ——首面男子奧運田徑金牌

劉翔在04雅典奧運以平世界紀錄的12.90秒成績奪得110米跨欄金牌,打破了黑人在短跑項目上的壟斷﹐奪得中國首面男子奧運田徑金牌。


燦榮 | 27th Sep 2009 | 通識--全球 | (9 Reads)

20國集團是一個國際經濟合作論壇,於1999年12月16日德國柏林成立,屬於布雷頓森林體系框架內非正式對話的一種機制,由八國集團美國日本德國法國英國意大利加拿大俄羅斯)和十一個重要新興工業國家中國阿根廷澳大利亞巴西印度印度尼西亞墨西哥沙特阿拉伯南非韓國土耳其)以及歐盟組成。按照慣例,國際貨幣基金組織世界銀行列席該組織的會議。20國集團的GDP總量約佔世界的85%,人口約40億。

20國集團建立最初由美國等八大工業國組織財政部長於1999年9月在美國華盛頓提出的,目的是防止類似亞洲金融風暴的重演,讓有關國家就國際經濟貨幣政策舉行非正式對話,以利於國際金融和貨幣體系的穩定。

In 2009, there are 20 members of the G-20. These include the finance ministers and central bank governors of 19 countries:[2]


燦榮 | 27th Sep 2009 | 通識--全球 | (14 Reads)

以西方富國為主的 G8,將不會解散,但經濟決策角色將削弱,今後轉為討論國際安全議題。峯會公報草稿指 G20將於明年 6月和 11月,分別在加拿大和南韓開峯會,之後希望一年開一次會。有法國官員透露明年峯會將進一步討論 G20的新架構,如成員國組成, 2011年實行。
中國、南韓、印度、巴西等新冒起經濟強國,除透過 G20分享經濟決策權,在其他國際金融機構的話事權亦會提高。美國和歐盟同意從發達國家中撥出至少 5%的 IMF投票權給新興國家,並同意顯著增加發展中國家在世界銀行的投票權,以便趕及在 10月 6日的 IMF年會通過。
現時 IMF的投票權分佈,未能反映各國經濟實力,歐洲國家特別偏高,如中國經濟總值比法國高一半,在 IMF投票權只有 3.7%,低於法國的 4.9%;比利時經濟總值只有巴西的 2/3,卻有 2.1%投票權,巴西只有 1.4%。
歐洲國家在 IMF投票權改革作出讓步,換來美國同意限制銀行高層花紅。與會領袖對限制薪酬花紅的基本原則達成共識,包括花紅應與銀行的長期業績掛鈎,而非短線投機,以及當銀行資本水平不足時,就要將花紅總額限制在銀行總收益的某個百分比下,英國指一旦業績差,將會向銀行家討回已發放的花紅。但在英美擔心金融界人才流失下, G20留下彈性空間,同意各國可在框架下訂立不同的準則,由金融穩定理事會監督。美國財長蓋特納( Timothy Geithner)預期新例今年底可落實。


燦榮 | 26th Sep 2009 | 管理學 | (24 Reads)
65% Has knowledgeable employees
64% Addresses my needs on first contact
62% Treats me like a valued customer
54% Demonstrates desire to meet my needs
49% Can quickly access information
49% Is good value for the money
45% Has courteous employees
43% s a company/brand I can trust
38% Treats me fairly
31% Provides relevant/personalized service

Source: Convergys 2008 U.S. Customer Scorecard

燦榮 | 21st Sep 2009 | 通識--個人成長 | (13 Reads)
Confidence Wins over Smarts
Speaking up counts more than competence in becoming a leader
When a group of people works to complete a task, a leader usually emerges. New research shows such leaders are not necessarily more intelligent than the other group members, but rather they simply speak up more often. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, gave groups of college students 45 minutes to lay the groundwork for a business and then asked the students to rate one another on intelligence, judgment and other traits. The students believed that the people who spoke more often were the smartest in each group — even when, during another group exercise involving math problems, they offered more incorrect answers than did others who were less talkative. Those who did not say much were judged as averagely intelligent and not so creative. A later look at the participants' SAT scores revealed that, on average, the leaders had the same scores as the rest of the group. "The main reason dominant people took charge is they jumped in first and nobody questioned what they said," says psychologist Cameron Anderson, who led the study. "Dominant people seem really good at things because they speak with so much confidence."

燦榮 | 3rd Sep 2009 | 通識--全球, 通識--中國 | (35 Reads)

國際貨幣基金組織(IMF)在其網站上宣佈,中國人民銀行將購買以最多320億份特別提款權(SDR)計價的國際貨幣基金組織債券,根據8月25日的人民幣匯價為3412億元人民幣,約合五百億美元。

此舉可能將提高人民幣的國際地位。

英國劍橋大學的經濟學家張煒在接受BBC中文網就此的採訪時說,這也會增加中國在IMF的發言權。

除中國外,巴西、俄羅斯也表示將分別購買不超過100億美元的IMF債券。

這是新興市場國家在今年四月初20國集團倫敦金融峰會上的承諾,旨在幫助解決全球金融危機。

投票權

IMF這次債券發行將增加該組織的借貸能力,促進世界經濟復蘇。

此外,中國媒體引述正在訪華的世界銀行行長佐利克說,IMF正在進行結構改革,世界銀行正進行類似改革,將把發展中國家投票權份額提高到50%。

IMF的"特別提款權"又稱"紙黃金",是國際貨幣基金組織1969年創設的一種帳面資產,目的在於增加國際儲備手段,以調節國際收支逆差。

創設初期,特別提款權用黃金定值。1974年改為16種貨幣定值,1980年改為5種貨幣定值(包括美元、日元、西德馬克、法國法郎和英鎊)。