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燦榮 | 1st Feb 2010 | 心理, 通識--個人成長, 通識--公共衛生 | (54 Reads)

People with eating disorders are 23 times as likely to die by suicide than people who eat normally — a statistic that makes eating disorders a better predictor than depression of death by suicide, says sociologist Steven Stack of Wayne State University.

and last February researchers reported that men are more likely to shoot themselves in the head than women are. (In an investigation of the 807 firearm suicides in Wayne County, Michigan, that occurred between 1997 and 2005, Stack and his colleagues found that women were just half as likely as men to shoot themselves in the head.) The prospect of pain and disfigurement, along with a weaker will to die among women, may make females less apt to reach for such surefire weapons.

 

2003 study in the American Journal of Psychiatry, 4. 5 percent of alcoholics attempt suicide within five years of their diagnosis of alcoholism. Other studies have found that nearly 40 percent of patients who seek treatment for alcohol abuse report having attempted suicide — a rate sixfold to 10-fold higher than that in the general population. "They use alcohol as the lubricant that allows them to take action," says Marvin Seppala , chief medical officer at Hazelden, a nonprofit addiction treatment program with facilities in Minnesota, Oregon, Illinois and New York State.

 

In a 2009 study in the American Journal of Public Health, Indiana University researcher William Pride more and his colleagues found a significant decrease in suicides among men and women in Slovenia after a new national policy limited when and where alcohol could be sold and set the minimum drinking age at 18.

 

suicide sirens:

Putting affairs in order. Changing a will, for example, may be preparation for death.
Behaving recklessly. People may display a death wish by, say, driving fast or running red lights. they escalate the recklessness to show they are serious.
Changing moods dramatically. A person may abruptly switch from one negative emotion to another — that is, from being extremely low to being anxious or agitated.
Discussing suicide. As many as 85 percent of people who kill themselves have told someone about their plans or communicated them in a poem, song or diary. adolescents may even leave their journal out for a parent or teacher to see.
Talking about feeling worthless. Abuse victims, in particular, often feel hopeless and ashamed of themselves.
Losing interest in life. When a person stops caring about activities and things that once mattered to them, that emotional emptiness is a sign of escalating depression.