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燦榮 | 6th Mar 2010 | 心理 | (31 Reads)
People in a bad mood have better judgment and pay more attention to details
Next time you find yourself in a bad mood, don't try to put on a happy face — instead tackle a project that has been stymieing you. Melancholy might just help you hit peak performance, reports Joseph Forgas, a professor of psychology at the University of New South Wales, in the journal Australasian Science. Forgas reviewed several of his studies in which researchers induced either a good or bad mood in volunteers. Each study found that people in a bad mood performed tasks better than those in a good mood. Grumpy people paid closer attention to details, showed less gullibility, were less prone to errors of judgment and formed higher-quality, persuasive arguments than their happy counterparts. One study even supports the notion that those who show signs of either fear, anger, disgust or sadness — the four basic negative emotions — achieve stronger eyewitness recall while virtually eliminating the effect of misinformation. [For more on how a negative mood boosts cognition, see "Depression's Evolutionary Roots," by Paul W. Andrews and J. Anderson Thomson; SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN MIND, January/February 2010.]